New advances have been made in the field of termite extermination. No longer is it necessary to use the conventional barrier treatment, which incorporates a host of toxic and potentially fatal chemicals. Instead, the termite baiting system incorporates a very different approach. Basically, termite baiting involves deploying small amounts of bait (material that emulates termite food), which attracts the termites. These baits (also known as smart missiles) kill the termites when consumed. Furthermore, termites have been known to bring the bait back to the rest of the colony, effectively killing off the entire lot of termites. In essence, this technique can be considered more effective than orange oil termite treatments and just as effective as the traditional termite fumigation in killing subterranean termites.
This section is here to help you visualize what termite baits actually are. Basically, the bait consists of paper, cardboard, small bits of termite food, and a combination of various compounds that are lethal to termites. And the quality of the bait really matters- it cant be a hodge-podge job. First, the bait must be authentic enough to compete with the various other food sources in the vicinity. This ensures that not only the termites will eat them, but they will also bring the baits back to the nest. Also, the baits must have slow-acting toxins so that termites dont die on the spot, causing the other termites to avoid the baits. This delayed transmission also enhances the baits ability to be passed among the colony.
Termite Baiting Systems: Below Ground
In many cases, subterranean termites are responsible for the damage done to your house. First, wooden stakes laced with toxins are placed in the ground- attractive feeding grounds for termites in the vicinity. These stakes are positioned in fixed intervals around the structure, allowing the termites to find them by chance on one of their foraging excursions, rather than be lured to them. However, this method requires a lot of patience and most of all, persistence. Simply put, the termites just dont always find the baiting stakes. The most difficult part of this entire process is actually getting the termites to find the stakes. In fact, this single stage in the process can take as much as a year, or as little as a week or two. Furthermore, this method is almost guaranteed to fail in the winter months, due to the fact that termite foraging is cut well short due to the temperature. Intuitively, the greater amount of stakes planted near the structure, the greater chance the termites will encounter them. Yet that also increases your financial overhead, something you should consider when planning your termite baiting system.
Termite Baiting System: Above-ground
This is the more direct approach. Rather than allow the termites to encounter the bait themselves, the stakes are planted immediately in the path of active termite tunnels. Thus the probability of termite-bait-encounter is almost a sure thing, ensuring that at least some of the termites will be killed in this invasive procedure.